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Directorate of Research

Dr. P. K. Kapoor
Director of Research

cum  Co-ordinator Research (Planning and Monitoring)

Phone: 01662-256108 (EPABX)-DR office
             01662-284309 (O)

             01662-256075,(EPABX)-CR Office 

Mobile:+91-9416265911

E-Mail : research.dr@luvas.edu.in

           co-ordinator.research@luvas.edu.in
 

 

 

 


Brief Biodata of Prof. Dr. P.K. Kapoor,  Director of Research and Co-ordinator Reasearch (Planning and Monitoring) 

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

A very important mandate of the Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences is to develop technologies suited to the needs of livestock farmers of the State, and the food industry. A significant part of the budget of the University is utilized towards various research pursuits. The Directorate of Research is Nodal Agency for planning, execution, monitoring and technical evaluation of research programmes of constituent colleges and outreach research stations of the University. Periodic review of research schemes is undertaken in close association with the line departments to modify or revise them as per needs. For generation of need-based location specific technologies through multidisciplinary approach and also to verify/validate technologies generated at the main centre, the research activities of the University are also carried out through disease investigation laboratories situated in different agro-climatic zones of the State. 

The University research and technologies enjoyed the confidence of the hard-working livestock owners of Haryana and were catalysts in bringing about a significant change in the rural development. In view of the changing natural and global scenario, new researchable issues are emerging in the state as well as in the country. The University is accordingly devising/redefining its research priorities. The Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences undertakes research in different areas of livestock and poultry production and health management. The university fulfils its research mandate through Eighty Four Research Schemes operating in several departments/disciplines. 

The summary of these research schemes is given as under.

Schemes

Number

Funding Agency

Plan Vety.

35

Haryana State

Non Plan Vety.

3

Haryana State

ICAR

11

ICAR

RKVY

20

Central Govt.

Other agencies

7

UGC, DBT, MOFPI, Pfizer

Self Finance Schemes

8

Own income

Total

84

-

 

Success Stories (Research) 

2014-2015

1. Diagnosis of infertility owing to hormonal imbalance and optimizing fertility through hormonal approaches in dairy animals.

2. Establishment of immunopathological diagnostic laboratory to provide quality services to the livestock and poultry owners.

3. Establishment of mineral analysis laboratory.

4. Screening of cattle and buffalo breeding bulls of Haryana for Bovine Herpes Virus 1 infections.

5. Strengthening of Clinical and Extension services at Regional Centre, LUVAS, Uchani (Karnal).

2015-2016

1. Development of diagnostic assay for molecular epidemiology of NDV and IBDV of poultry.

2. Molecular epidemiology of emerging infectious agent with special reference to bovine leukemia virus in Haryana.

3. Pen side test for diagnosis of Hemorrhagic septicemia and Peste des petits ruminants virus

4. Strengthening of clinical pathology and post-mortem facilities to provide effective and high quality diagnosis services to the farmers.

 

Focus Areas of Research

Animal Health

Surveillance of diseases of buffaloes, cattle, sheep, goats and poultry in Haryana; development of disease forecasting systems and parasitic disease investigations 

Development of immunodiagnostics for diseases of economic and zoonotic importance

Development of molecular diagnostics for various bacterial, viral and protozoon diseases

Development of protocols for quality assurance of foods of animal origin

Carrying out toxicological, pharmaco-dynamic and pharmacokinetic studies of various drugs, agrochemicals, and medicinal plants 

Development of therapeutics for metabolic disorders 

Development and evaluation of safe and cost-effective anaesthetics and analgesics for use in farm animals 

Enhancing the reproductive efficiency of farm animals and reduction of generation interval through assisted reproductive technology 

Development of kits for pregnancy diagnosis and oestrous detection in farm animals

 

Animal Production

Genetic improvement, conservation, management, nutritional requirements, feeding practices and production of various livestock species

Evolving new breeds of dairy cattle, sheep and poultry suited to agro-climatic conditions of Haryana

Use of molecular markers for characterization of livestock breeds and their correlation with production

Development of protocols for quality testing of cattle and buffalo semen/body fluids for genetic disorders and infections agents using molecular techniques

Identification and detoxification of toxic constituents in different livestock and poultry feedstuffs 

Development of economically viable livestock farming system under different agro-climatic and socioeconomic conditions 

Application of cutting-edge technologies for processing, production, preservation, packaging and marketing of milk, meat and value added products for domestic and international market 

Strengthening of research extension linkages for effective technology transfer and feed-back in animal production systems 

Breeding and management of laboratory animals viz., rabbits, rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs for the purpose of teaching and research

 

Salient research achievements

Evolution of new breeds 

A new breed of cattle named ‘HARDHENU’, synthetic population of crossbreds has been developed. This breed is bestowed with the highest milk yield of 38.5 kg/day/animal, lower age at first calving (36 months), lower calving interval (13 months) and better feed-conversion efficiency. It is suited to agro-climatic conditions of Haryana and capable of producing more than 5500 kg of milk per lactation with fat content of more than 3.8%. The breed is having 62.5 % Holstein, 27.5 % Sahiwal and 10.0 % Hariana inheritance. 

A new breed of sheep named ‘HARNALI’ showing marked improvement in wool quality over local breeds has been developed.

A new breed of backyard poultry named ‘HARLAY’, which showed improvement in egg production has also been developed.

Development of diagnostic tools/technologies 

LUVAS has the only laboratory in India that produces recombinant single domain camel antibody fragments through phage display technology (nano antibodies) having diagnostic and therapeutic applications

Monoclonal antibody based kits for monitoring of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia and Surra have been developed

Nucleic acid based diagnostic tests (conventional PCR / real time RT-PCR / PCR and LAMP) have been developed for diagnosis of economically important livestock and poultry diseases.

Developed Animal Forensics tools for cow and buffalo meat identification from raw, cooked & spoiled samples

LUVAS has developed PCR based technology for characterization of  A1/A2 genotype  of animals for beta casein milk protein

DIVA test (3A-NSP antigen based ELISA) as per World Organization for Animal Health protocol in collaboration with Freidrich Loeffler Institute,  Germany for differentiation of FMD infected and vaccinated animals (DIVA strategy).

Developed Field Spot Test for the detection of urea in milk to prevent adulteration of milk at individual house hold level. 

Developed Protein–G Based Technology and Fluorescence Polarization Assay for the diagnosis of brucellosis in buffaloes for the first time in the country

Development of new vaccines

The university has developed novel experimental vaccines against bovine haemorrhagic septicemia and biofilm forming Staphylococcus aureus.

The scientists have been actively involved in the development of India’s First Inactivated Pentavalent Bluetongue Vaccine for control of Bluetongue Disease. 

 

Contribution towards disease diagnosis, surveillance, monitoring and treatment

LUVAS has an outstanding contribution in the containment of economically devastating Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in the State of Haryana and Delhi resulting into savings of more than 600 Crore rupees to the state exchequer every year. Haryana has the laurels of becoming the first state of the country with successful implementation of FMD control program launched by Government of India

Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex (TVCC) of the University is a premier centre for treatment of animals and serves as a referral Veterinary Clinics for Haryana and neighboring states. It is well equipped with modern multi- specialty infrastructure and technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of livestock. During the period under report, a total of 72,602 clinical cases which included 58957 cases of Medicine, 9586 cases of Surgery and 4059 cases of Gynecology belonging to various animal species were provided treatment.

The Regional Centre at Uchani (Karnal) has been upgraded and equipped with advanced technologies for providing yeoman’s services to the livestock owners of North-Eastern region of the state situated along the National Highway 1. During the period under report, a total of 62874 cases which included 49286 cases of Medicine, 10461 cases of Surgery and 3127 cases of Gynaecology belonging to various animal species were provided treatment.

The Department of Veterinary Microbiology of the University has been recognized by ICAR as the Centre for Advanced Faculty Training (CAFT). 

The College Central laboratory has contributed towards control of mastitis and brucellosis; both the diseases have huge economical significance in terms of loss to productivity in milch animals.

 

Use of non-conventional crops / crop residues for animal feeding / management 

The University has conducted successful trials on use of cotton seed plus cottonseed cake as replacement to groundnut cake based concentrate mixture in cattle, thus reducing cost of production.

The trials on use of maize as replacement to pearl millet/barley in goats, use of crushed maize with intact pearl millet up to a level of 60% in layers in their first phase of laying, replacement of maize at 100 % level by either whole or ground soaked sorghum grains in lambs have been underway. 

Studies on use of “typha” (Patera grass) roof insulation to ameliorate thermal stress in buffalo calves 

Successful trials of use of chaffed wheat straw litter amended with superphosphate for rearing litter.

Development of meat and milk products

Development of organoleptically acceptable and chicken rolls incorporated with dried apple pomace, dried carrot pomace and corn bran (CB) 

Development of organoleptically acceptable and health enhancing chevon rolls enriched with dietary fibre, antioxidants like polyphenols by using dried apple pomace and corn bran separately or in combination 

Development of Chevon meat patties by adding dried carrot pomace powder, pineapple pomace powder (PPP) separately and in combination.

 

Development of technologies in Animal Reproduction 

Successful studies on use of intravaginal sponges containing 100 mg as well as 150 mg P4 along with 200 IU PMSG for synchronization of oestrus with acceptable level of fertility. 

Detection of pregnancy at 20 days of gestation with 7.5 MHz transducer.

Studies on the use of 3D Ultrasonography for analysis of foetal development in great details.

Studies on supplementation by Caffeine and theophylline in semen before cryopreservation for semen quality during both pre- and post-freezing stage.

Development of CIDR+PMSG+hCG+Duraprogen protocol.

 

MOU signed between LUVAS and Pirbright Institute, UK

MoU between LUVAS and The Pirbright Institute, U.K. was signed on 27/08/2015 with the intension to establish a mutually beneficial relationship to exchange scientist and knowledge.